Market News


Rising Tide of Electric and Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles – Altering Market Dynamics in Automotive Industry Landscape and Market Trends

The automotive industry is undergoing significant changes, primarily due to the rising popularity of electric vehicles (EVs) and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (FCVs). The proportion of electric cars in total sales has more than tripled in just three years, increasing from approximately 4% in 2020 to 14% in 2022. Moreover, the stock of fuel cell electric vehicles surged by 40% in 2022 compared to the previous year 2021. These vehicles hold the potential to transform transportation by offering eco-friendly alternatives to conventional gasoline-powered cars.

A key advantage of both electric vehicles (EVs) and fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) lies in their environmental benefits. They produce zero emissions, thereby reducing air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Even when factoring in electricity production, EVs emit only about one-third of the carbon emissions compared to gasoline engines. FCVs have the potential to significantly reduce approximately 760 million metric tons of CO2 produced by passenger vehicles annually. Moreover, EVs and FCVs offer cost savings due to lower operating costs compared to traditional vehicles. Technological advancements in EVs and FCVs, such as regenerative braking and advanced battery management systems, further contribute to their growing popularity.

History and Development

The concept of electric vehicles has origins in the early 19th century, with notable advancements such as William Morrison’s creation of the first practical electric car in the 1890s in the UK. However, it wasn’t until the late 20th century, with the debut of the Toyota Prius in 1997, that EVs started gaining significant attention. The first fuel cell was invented by William Grove in 1839, with General Motors developing the first practical fuel cell vehicle in 1966. However, it wasn’t until the early 21st century that FCVs began to be seriously considered as a viable alternative to traditional vehicles.

Current Market Trends
Experiencing expansion, the global battery electric vehicle (BEV) market achieved a value of $300 billion in 2022, and it is forecasted to soar to approximately $917.71 billion by 2030, boasting a remarkable compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 15% from 2022 to 2030.

Conversely, the market size for fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) is projected to be $7.16 billion in 2024, with an anticipated increase to $29.33 billion by 2029, demonstrating a substantial compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 32.59% from 2024 to 2029.

There is an increased effort to improve charging and hydrogen refueling stations which is expected to address the primary challenge faced by both industries.  This initiative aims to address main obstacles faced by these industries.  Another challenge is the relatively higher cost of owning electric and fuel cell vehicles, as they have higher purchase prices and production costs compared to conventional vehicles. However, with the growing popularity and increased production volumes of these vehicles, it is expected that their prices will gradually decrease over a period of time. Additionally, the initial concern of “range anxiety” associated with new technologies is expected to diminish as adoption rates rise.

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